The Miniature Dachshund (pronounced: US /ˈdɑːkshʊnt/ DAHKS-huunt or US /ˈdɑːksənt/, UK /ˈdæksənd/), also known as the Zwergteckel Dachshunds, is a breed of miniature or mini dachshund hounds, widely-kept as a pet dog. They were mainly bred to hunt down small animals like in order to sniff, dig out and chase off underground animals like badgers. They have a typical weight of 8 – 11 pounds, and are intelligent, with robustly muscular structure, standing very close to the ground with short legs and black nose, giving them a keen sense of smell over many other dog breeds.
|Dog Breed||Miniature Dachshund|
|Coat||Long, medium, short, water-resistant, thick|
|Color||Solid color or combinations of white to silver, red, tan, yellow to blonde, chocolate, brindle, black, grey, blue (rarely) or, dappled|
|Group (of Breed)||Hound|
|Lifespan||12 to 14 years|
|Weight||8 to 11 pounds|
||Small; 5 to 7 inches|
|Temperament||Social, aggressive, loyal|
|Good with Children||Moderately|
|Litters||3 to 4 puppies at a time|
|Gestation Period||58 to 63 days|
|Health Concerns||Canine Diabetes Mellitus (DM), Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), Cushings Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism), Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD), Epilepsy, Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV)/Bloat/Torsion, Deafness|
|Competitive Registration||FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, NKC, NZKC, CCR, DRA, NAPR, ACA. For standard variety: ANKC, CKC, APRI, ACR|
Used to hunt down smaller animals, this breed of dogs evolved in Germany probably in the 16th century. Initially, these dogs had only been mated with the individuals of the same breed; however, it was long after that the mixes with other dogs like the pinschers and the toy terriers began, which continued till the early 20th century.
At present, the rule of individual breeding has been set according to the variation of the type of coats:
The miniature dachshund is at the same time loyal, aggressive, social and courageous. Being a hunter dog, they are independent by nature and have a high spirit. They would bark loudly at strangers, however, they would be tolerant to them, once the introductory period is over. They are always alert and have self-explanatory facial expressions. They have a good sense of trailing by virtue of its keen nose. However, the different varieties have their own definition of charm, depending upon the qualities of their parents. Since they are not too good with kids, they are suitable for families with relatively older children. They are devoted to their owner’s family and can even travel well with their owners. They have an instinct to guard their families, making them a good guard dog as well. Intruders intercepting into their objects of guarding might end in getting bitten, though rarely. They tend to jump a lot and stumble upon any passer-by. These behavioral issues, at times, might make them unpredictable to even their owners.
Knowing about this breed is important before adopting them. Considering the independent behavior and unpredictable temperaments of the miniature dachshund, it is especially important to take enough care that, the master/trainer of both the adult and the puppy take the lead of the ‘pack’, otherwise, the whole process of training of these whimsical dogs might prove to be a complete failure. They would be prone to become stubborn, irritable, jealous and develop instincts to bite very easily. These are their inner instincts and are known as ‘small dog syndrome’. The baby dachshund is easy to train to socialize and to define their limits they must obey and follow. If trained properly, by experienced hands, this little dog would prove to be one of the most wonderful family companions.
The miniature dachshund dog needs to be fed with dry, good-quality healthy dog food. The recommended amount is ½ to 1 ½ cups per day, divided into two regular meals.
The most popular mixes of the miniature dachshund are:
As the names suggest, the difference between the mini dachshund and the standard dachshund is primarily in their sizes. Whereas the miniature breed weighs no more than 8-11 lbs and stands at 5-7 inches, the standard breed is 16-31 lbs with a height of 8-11 inches.