By Macy Gen Veterinary AssistantMacy Gen Last updated: 27th October 2022

Miniature Schnauzer


Macy Gen Veterinary Assistant Macy Gen
Last updated: 27th October 2022

Originating in Germany, the Miniature Schnauzer is the smallest of the three Schnauzer breeds, the other two being the Standard and the Giant Schnauzer. These mini dogs are characterized by a rectangular head, well-proportioned robust muzzle, small, deeply set, dark brown eyes, V-shaped folded ears that become sharp and pointed when docked, and a thin, short, high set tail carried straight. Courageous and determined, they are said to serve as efficient guard dogs.

Miniature Schnauzer Pictures

Other NamesZwergschnauzer (Dwarf Schnauzer)
CoatDouble coat- Top coat: wiry; Undercoat: Soft
ColorBack, salt and pepper, black and silver
Breed typePurebred
Average life expectancy (How long do they live)12 to 15 years
Size (How big do they get)Small
Height of a full grown Miniature SchnauzerMale: 12 to 14 inches
Female: 11 to 13 inches
Weight of a full grown Miniature SchnauzerMale: 11 to 18 lbs
Female: 10 to 15 lbs
Litter size3 to  8 puppies
Behavioral characteristicsIntelligent, playful, active, friendly
Good with childrenYes
Barking tendencyExcessive
Climate compatibility Cannot adapt to very cold climates
Shedding (Do they shed)Minimal
Are they hypoallergenicYes
Competitive Registration Qualification/ InformationFCI, CKC, ANKC, NZKC, UKC, CKC, KC (UK)

Video of Miniature Schnauzer Puppies

History and Origin

The Miniature Schnauzer was created by breeding in the Standard Schnauzer to a smaller size with the purpose of creating a more compact breed that could be employed as efficient ratters in granaries and barnyards. Other breeds crossed with the Standard Schnauzer to create this dog include the Poodle, Affenpinscher, Miniature Pinscher, and Pomeranian. They came to be recognized in 1924 when four Miniature Schnauzers were brought in from Germany. It has been said that all of the Miniatures of America emerged from these dogs. In 1888, Fidel, a black dog was the first Miniature Schnauzer on records. The AKC acknowledged it in 1926, while the American Miniature Schnauzer Club developed in 1933.

Temperament and Personality

Just like the other two Schnauzer breeds, this one is also highly energetic, vibrant, loving and affectionate. They enjoy being with their family and may often come up to you for a cuddle or embrace while you are reclined or seated. They excel as efficient guard dogs since they tend to bark to intimate their owners about the arrival of a stranger. They are a good playmate for kids in the house, though parental supervision is needed when the little ones interact with these dogs. They are friendly with other canines especially when brought up with them. Moreover, the Miniature Schnauzer lacks the Terrier like aggression on encountering other dogs, yet they could sometimes be brave and fearless especially if they confront the more prominent canines….a trait that could often land them in trouble. Since they come from a family of ratters smaller pets like hamster and gerbils should be kept out of their reach.



They have a moderate activity level and one or two short walks once or twice a day would be sufficient to keep them physically and mentally energized. Sufficient playtime in a fenced yard would also help your Miniature Schnauzer to burn their energy well.


Coat care

Though they do not shed much, their wiry outer coat and soft inner coat must be brushed at least two times a week to remove any dead hair and prevent mat and tangle formation. If you are showing your Miniature Schnauzer, then you may strip its hair with your hand or even seek the help of a professional groomer would use clippers for trimming the coat.

Cleaning its beard

All the three Schnauzer breeds, sport a beard, which should be brushed well and also cleaned after mealtime, so that food particles or water do not stick on to it. Occasionally wash its beard using a vet-approved shampoo and dry it thoroughly. Brush it using a brush or metal comb to remove any knots.

Other hygiene measures

Trim its nails one or two times in a month. Also, make it a point to clean its ears well every week and dry it well post a swimming session to keep infections at bay. Brushing its teeth twice or thrice would help to minimize chances of tartar or plaque buildup.

Health Problems

Miniature Schnauzers are hardy and healthy but may be affected with certain conditions like cataracts, diabetes, pancreatitis, urinary and bladder stones, hyperlipidemia, progressive retinal atrophy and entropion.


They could get stubborn and independent at times, thus requiring a firm and wise taskmaster to handle them well.

Socialization: Allowing them to mix with various people since the time they are puppies would help them understand which stranger could be a threat and who is nothing short of a friend. This would work towards lessening their habit of barking unnecessarily every time they see an unfamiliar face.

Obedience: Teaching it commands like “No,” “Quiet” and “Stop” would help in mending their destructive behaviors. If your Miniature Schnauzer barks unnecessarily then it is essential to eliminate the triggers which compel it to be vocal.

Leash: Since they have a great chasing instinct, leash training is essential since their puppy days.


Miniature Schnauzers weghing about 15 pounds need a daily intake of about 530 calories. Dry dog food divided into equal meals along with a protein-rich homemade diet would help to keep them healthy.

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