The Norwich Terrier is one of the smallest terrier breeds, deriving its roots in the United Kingdom. These toy sized dogs have a robust, sturdy built, further characterized by a longish body, fox-like head, small, dark, oval-shaped eyes that always seem to sparkle, prick, pointed ears (a feature that distinguishes it from the Norfolk terrier that has drop ears), and a relatively long tail. Its small size is a contrast to the kind of work it was used for—hunting vermin, though at present they dwell as loving companion dogs.
|Coat||Hard, wiry, double coat- Outer coat: Weatherproof; Undercoat: Soft, protecting its body from excessive warmth and cold.|
|Color||Red, black, wheaten,|
|Lifespan/ Life Expectancy||12 to 15 years|
|Height||9 to 10 inches|
|Weight||11 to 12 pounds|
|Litter size||1 to 3 puppies|
|Temperament||Affectionate, playful, sensitive, intelligent, brave|
|Good with children||Yes|
|Climate Compatibility||Adapt well in a warm or temperate climate|
|Barking||Low (only if the situation arises)|
|Shedding (Does it shed)||Minimal|
|Competitive Registration Qualification/Information||AKC, FCI, ANKC, NZKC, CKC, KC (UK), UKC|
Being a close cousin of the Norfolk Terrier, but for its prick ears, the Norwich Terrier was exclusively bred for hunting vermin in pursuit of controlling Britain’s rodent population. Originating in England’s East Anglia region, since the second half of the 19th century, they were even used to hunt foxes in packs. Breeds similar to these short-legged ratters were immensely popular among students of the Cambridge University in between the 1880s and 1890s, a majority of whom possessed them as their pets to perhaps get hold of a sporting breed with ratting abilities.
The Trumpington Terriers, a particular variety of dog found in the Trumpington region of Cambridge, developed by crossing the Irish and Yorkshire Terriers, were said to be responsible for the foundation of this breed.
In fact, a Trumpington known by the name of Rags, possessed by the owner of a stable yard in Norwich, is considered to be the founding stock of the present day Norwich Terrier. In fact, Rags, as well as its descendants, had been crossed with several Terriers like the Staffordshire and Glen of Imaal, where the resultant breeds possessed a unique ability to pull foxes out of their dens.
Its popularity not just remained confined to England but even spread to America because of the noble initiatives taken by Frank Jones. He was instrumental in utilizing Rags’ descendants to create a dog named Willum, which was sent off to Philadelphia and also emerged as the founding sire of these dogs in the U.S. In fact, as a tribute to its founder, this breed was referred to as Jones’ Terrier in America, even after it had attained recognition by the American and English Kennel Clubs during the 1930s. Being so intimately connected to the Norfolk Terrier, both were regarded as the same breed until 1979 (Norwich Terrier PE, Norwich Terrier DE), when the dropped ear variety came to be classified as the Norfolk Terrier, and the picked ear ones were the Norwich Terrier.
These small-sized dogs are regarded to be great house pets as they enjoy companionship, also seeking for attention always, detesting to be left alone for prolonged periods. Because of its small size, it would be easily portable and happy to be carried along wherever you go. Curious and observant, they could be friendly with strangers once they get to know them well, though at the onset they may express a reserved and curious demeanor on encountering an unknown face, barking to warn of his presence… a trait that makes them an efficient watchdog.
Though good with children, they would be preferable for kids above 7-8 years of age, as the little ones could be rough with these small dogs, knocking them down during play.
In spite of their friendly nature, they do possess a stubborn character and might even get strong-willed at times.
They would share a good rapport with other canines and cats if socialized or brought up with them. However, smaller pets like gerbils, rabbits or other rodents could trigger their chasing and hunting instinct. Thus it would not be suitable for homes having these animals.
Because of their stubborn and strong-willed nature, training the Norwich Terrier can be an uphill task if it does not have a firm trainer to handle it. However, harsh treatment would make your training process difficult as these dogs are sensitive to scolding.
Give it good quality dry dog food, in combination with a nutritious homemade diet. However, it tends to get most of the times and munch on any edible thing within its reach, thus keeping a check on its food is essential, as putting weight could aggravate conditions like hip dysplasia which it is prone to.