The Tornjak is a large, powerful breed that is dignified, innately dominant and fiercely protective of its domain. The dense coat, almond-shaped eyes, and furry tail give it a pleasing appearance while the sturdy, muscular build and razor sharp teeth make it an effective guard dog.
|Other Names||Shepherd Dog, Bosnian Shepherd Dog, Bosnian and Herzegovinian Shepherd Dog, Croatian Mountain Dog, Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian Shepherd Dog|
|Coat||Wooly, heavy double coat with a thick undercoat and a long, coarse, straight topcoat.|
|Color||White, gray, yellow, brown, red, and black in varying patterns|
|Group||Working Dogs, Mountain Dogs, Molossers, Livestock Guardian Dogs|
|Height||Male: 25-27 inches, Female: 23-25 inches|
|Weight||Male: 77-110 lbs, Female: 60-88 lbs|
|Litter Size||6-10 puppies|
|Temperament||Protective, calm, friendly and devoted|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Shedding||Moderate, mostly during summer months|
|Competitive Registration Qualification/Information||UKC, FCI, AKC (FSS), DRA, ACA|
|Country||Bosnia, Herzegovina Croatia|
The Tornjak, bred to guard and herd livestock, originated in Bosnia, and Herzegovina-Croatia a thousand years back. In fact, manuscripts from the 800s, 1067 and 1374 contain mentions of the Tornjak, wherein the breed was called ‘Bosanski Ovčar’ and ‘Hrvatski pas planinac,’ which translates to Croatian mountain dog.
It is possibly a descendant of the Tibetan Mastiff from the area that we currently know as Iran.
Initially, this rare breed was named ‘Kanis Montanus,’ meaning mountain dog, which later changed to Tornjak, where ‘tor’ means an enclosure for cattle.
They are even speculated to be descendants of the livestock guardian breeds that were developed in Mesopotamia 9000 years ago.
Some also believed that the Romans used it for war, as guardians and to fight in the arena.
Around 1972 began the attempts at restoring the Tornjak from possible extinction, while its pure was breeding started in 1978.
On 9th May 1981, this breed was registered by the name of Bosnian-Herzegovinian sheepdog-Tornjak, as an autochthonous breed.
The UKC and AKC recognized it in 2011 and 2012 respectively. The Tornjak presently enjoys the reputation of a working dog and is also a member of the Foundation Stock Service.
The Tornjak is a confident, stable, and friendly breed that makes for an excellent watchdog.
This calm, peaceful dog is not in the least bit demanding, with no signs of nervousness or aggression either.
They are gentle with children, in addition to being devoted as well as affectionate towards their family members. At the same time, they are brave enough not to hesitate to take on stronger rivals when threatened.
The large breed does not feel comfortable or content in an apartment life. They are happiest in country homes or a house with a spacious backyard.
It may, however, exhibit destructive behavior when exposed to constant unpleasant noises or confined in a small space for long.
Clean its teeth, ears and paws regularly for any infection or insects lodged within. Trim its nails as required.
They are quick learners with an impressive retention which makes them easy to train. However, since they are independent thinkers, they require proper training at the right time to ensure that do not develop defiance at a later stage. The best way to train this breed is to expose it to consistent and firm training from puppyhood.
Provide him with high-quality dog food formulated for large dogs alongside a low protein diet.