The Pembroke Welsh Corgi, a cattle herding canine breed originated in the Pembrokeshire region of Wales. Being one of the smallest breeds in the Herding group, it has attained immense popularity because of its connection with Queen Elizabeth II, who possessed a special liking for them.
This unique breed, characterized by a fox-like head, firm, medium-sized ear, oval-shaped eyes and short or a missing tail is a preferred pet choice because of its affectionate and intelligent nature.
|Other Names/ Nicknames||Welsh Corgi, Corgi, Pembroke, Pem, PWC|
|Coat||Long, medium, short, water-resistant, thick|
|Color||This breed has five allowed colors.
|Group (of Breed)||Herding|
|Lifespan||12 to 15 years|
|Weight||25 to 40 pounds|
||Small; 10 to 12 inches|
|Temperament||Social, obedient, loyal|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Litters||6 to 7 puppies at a time|
|Gestation Period||58 to 63 days|
|Health Concerns||Spinal cord disorders, arthritis|
|Originated in||United Kingdom|
|Competitive Registration||CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, CCR, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR, ACA|
These dogs are said to have been brought to Wales as early as 1107 AD by the early settlers – the Flemish and the Viking weavers – who had arrived to settle in the region. They were primarily used as herding dogs to guard cattle and sheep, horses, geese and ducks as far as the 10th century.
Belonging to the same family, they were officially recognized as a single breed under the Welsh Corgi group by the Kennel Club of Britain in 1928. However, in 1934, they were acknowledged as two distinct breeds separate from each other.
Points of Difference
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
|Height; Weight||10-13 inches; 25-38 pounds||10-12 inches; 25-40 pounds|
|Tails||Always have||Might/might not have|
|Good with Child||Yes||Yes|
|Litter Size||5-7 puppies||6-7 puppies|
|Life Expectancy||12-15 years||12-15 years|
They have an affectionate nature, loving to be with their families and following their owners wherever they go, even assisting them in all their daily chores. They also desire each on of their family members to be at one place when at home rather than being scattered all over.
The Pems are keen on seeking the attention of anyone they get acquainted with, also mingling well with children and other pets.
They are however wary of strangers, letting out shrill, high-pitched barks when they find a person or any object posing as a threat to their family members.
Sometimes they may show a bossy attitude, barking to demand their treats or shove you with their paw or nose to get their wish fulfilled.
With the herding instinct inherent in them, you may find your pet desirous of chasing a moving object. The Pembroke Welsh puppies might display this herding behavior by nipping or biting at their owner’s heels.
Only a frequent combing and brushing of their coat with a firm-bristled comb seems to meet with their primary need for grooming. Since they have a water resistant coat, bathe them only when needed as too much of it might cause them to lose the natural quality of their body hair. The teeth of these dogs also need to be brushed, preferably twice to thrice a week for avoiding bacteria and tartar build-up. For both the adult and the puppy, trimming nails once to twice a month is enough.
Since they have a water resistant coat, bathe them only when needed as too much of it might cause them to lose the natural quality of their body hair. The teeth of these dogs also need to be brushed at least two to three times in a week to avoid bacteria and tartar build-up.
For both the adult and the puppy, trimming nails once to twice a month is enough.
Owing to their eagerness to please their owners and high level of intelligence training these dogs would not be difficult if the trainer is firm and patient enough.
Leash training: Needed to keep its chasing instinct in control.
Obedience training: Essential to keep your pet’s biting and chasing instinct along with their bossy or stubborn nature under control. Whenever he is about to bite you, move away from him to make him realize that human skin is not to bite upon, after which you may reward him with a treat or direct him towards a chewy toy to bite. Engage him in a game of fetching or tug-of-war though teach him “leave” or “let go”, so that he can release whatever he is holding onto without being pressurized.
Whenever he is about to bite you, move away from him to make him realize that human skin is not to bite upon, after which you may reward him with a treat or direct him towards a chewy toy to bite.
Engage him in a game of fetching or tug-of-war though teach him “leave” or “let go”, so that he can release whatever he is holding onto without being pressurized.
Teaching him the “quiet” command well may be one of the initiatives you can take to prevent him from barking loudly without a cause.
Socialization: Make your dog get acquainted with different kinds of people with varied physical attributes or behavior so that he does not get biased towards some over the others.
Tricks: Channelizing its desire to please its owner and intelligence you can teach him certain amusing tricks.
Both the adults and the puppies need a high-quality dry food to retain their health amidst their highly energetic lifestyle. For this, the full-grown corgis need about 3/4th to 1 ½ cups of foods per day, divided into two equal meals as brunch and dinner.
Following are the widely popular crossbreeds and variations of the Pembroke Welsh corgi: