The Moscow Watchdog (pronunciation: MAHS-Kou WOCH-dawg) is a large, sturdy breed developed from crosses among the Caucasian Ovcharka, Russian Spotted hounds, and Saint Bernard. It has the size, intelligence, and attractiveness of its St. Bernard parent and the confidence and awareness of the Caucasian Shepherd. This Molosser-type dog comes with a tall, muscular body, a massive head, black masked face, powerful legs, and a long, puffy tail.
|Other Names||Moskovskaya Storozhevaya Sobaka, Russian Watchdog|
|Coat||Moderate length, thick, double|
|Color||White and red|
|Category||Molosser, Mastiff, Working, Mountain dog|
|Temperament||Stubborn, protective, docile, independent|
|Litter Size||5-10 puppies|
|Good with Children||Requires supervision|
|Country Originated in||Soviet Union (present-day Russia)|
|Competitive Registration/Qualification Information||DRA|
The increasing crime rate in Russia after the Second World War necessitated a breed of guard dogs that could withstand the harsh winter conditions and protect government establishments like railroads, warehouses, and labor camps. An important breeding program under General Medvedev started in 1946 and continued over a year at the Military Cynology School. After several years, the Moscow Watchdog was finally created from purebreds St. Bernard and Caucasian Ovcharka.
To popularize the breed, these dogs were taken to Hungary in 1986. Soon after, many dog fanciers and breeders started working with it, which increased their numbers in Hungary and the Soviet Union. Although published in 1985, the breed standard was sanctioned by the Russian Dog Breeders’ Federation and the Russian Kennel Club in 1992 and 1997 respectively.
Despite its imposing stature, the Moscow Watchdog makes a gentle family companion if properly raised from its puppyhood. It is watchful of its surroundings, going on to guard its people and territory against any threat till death. It remains calm around strangers, not attacking them unless provoked.
Although it is gentle and playful with children, you should supervise all interactions between them because the Moscow Watchdog is big and strong enough to knock a kid down accidentally. It gets along with other pets provided that it is socialized at a young age.
Since the Moscow Watchdog is assertive and stubborn by nature, it needs a firm hand in training.
It is critical for your Russian Watchdog puppy because it will help teach your dog when it should be friendly and when not. Introduce it to your friends, neighbors and other acquaintances and allow them to offer treats. It will teach your dog to live peacefully around guests and tolerate being touched by unknown people. You should also take your pup to the dog park where it will meet other dogs and make lots of new friends.
Building its watchdog instincts
Help your dog build its alertness by having an unfamiliar face act as an intruder who is trying to break into your house. When your dog barks at him, he should look at your pet and flee while you give your watchdog plenty of praises. Do not let your dog chase the fleeing person. Praising it highly for alerting you will strengthen its confidence. Prior to imparting it with watchdog training, your dog should be groomed in obedience and socialization, as well as be able to distinguish between a friend and a foe so that it gets to know when to bark at an unknown face and when to be calm.
Your Moscow Watchdog needs a balanced diet with the right combination of protein, carbs, fats, vitamins, and minerals. While you may feed your pet quality dry food, you can occasionally give a mix of fruits, vegetables, fish, meat, and eggs.