The giant dog breed Leonberger is a mix of Newfoundland, Great Pyrenees, and Saint Bernard. Characterized by a large, muscular structure, the Leonberger dog possesses a domed skull with a deep, rectangular shaped head, and a distinct black mask that extends to the eyebrows. Since Leonberger is a dimorphic dog breed, with either an elegant feminine or a strong masculine form, the genders can be easily distinguished. With inherited traits from search and rescue dogs as well as working dogs, Leonbergers exhibit sound coordinated movement, agility, and great bearing strength.
|Nicknames||Leo, Gentle Giant, Gentle Lion|
|Coat||Water-resistant, double coat with the finer, shorter hairs on limbs and muzzle|
|Color||Different combinations of sand, red-brown, red, and lion-yellow|
|Group of Breed||Working, Utility, Mastiff|
|Life span||7-10 years|
|Weight||Male 120-170 lb (54-77 kg); Female 100-135 lb (45-61 kg)|
|Size and Height||Medium to large; Male 28-31.5 inches (71-80 cm); Female 25.5-29.5 inches (65-75 cm)|
|Temperament||Brave, Steady, Affectionate, Intelligent|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Size of Litter||6-14 puppies|
|Barking||Occasionally when threatened|
|Country Originated in||Leonberg, Germany|
|Competitive Registration||ACA, AKC, NAPR, DRA, APRI, ACR, CKC, NKC, NZKC, FCI, KCGB|
According to legends, the Leonberger breed was founded by Heinrich Essig, a notable citizen of Leonberg during the 19th century. It is believed that he produced a Leonberger by mixing a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard, and later crossing with a Great Pyrenees. The first registered Leonberger dogs were created in 1846. These dogs were owned by the royal households in Europe, including Otto Von Bismarck, King Umberto I, Napoleon II, Prince of Wales, Empress Elizabeth, etc.
Having a lively and loving personality, the Leonberger is considered a family dog breed, showing incredible loyalty to its family. As a calm and friendly dog, Leonbergers show self-discipline when protecting its property or family, and an unbelievable composure with passersby. Their robust, playful, and kind behaviors help in adjusting to a wide range of situations when taken to a new place. A devoted, trustworthy Leonberger can remain patient even when intimidated by an obnoxious child. Usually, the Leonberger is not aggressive towards other dogs or pets.
Start obedience training for the puppies early to help them socialize. Outdoor training sessions with patient, positive, consistent methods are important to help the puppy grow up to a well-mannered family member. The young dogs should be introduced to other pets and get accustomed to animals and strangers in a supportive and encouraging manner.
Feed your dog with a premium-quality commercial dog food meant for larger breeds. Your Leonberger’s diet should include ground turkey or chicken meat, connective tissue, fat, cartilage, and bones. You can also include raw veggies and fruits containing useful micronutrients and phytochemicals in the diet.