The Kumaon Mastiff (AKA, Cypro Kukur) is a very ancient livestock guardian breed, indigenous to the Kumaon region of the Himalayan Mountains in the present-day state of Uttarakhand, India. Currently, with about 150-200 specimens remaining, this dog is extremely rare even in the area of its origin. They have a lean, muscled body with massive strength. The head is large and broad with almond eyes, a dark muzzle, and hanging ears. The tail is long, while the skin is somewhat loose, especially around the neck region.
|Other Names||Cypro Kukur, Indian Mastiff, Bulli|
|Colors||Only brindle (shades vary from dark to light)|
|Type||Livestock Guardian Dog, Guard Dog, Watchdog, Companion Dog|
|Group (of Breed)||Purebred|
|Weight||150-180 pounds (full grown male/female)|
Male: 58–65 cm (23–26 in);
Female: 53–61 cm (21–24 in)
|Litter Size||2-5 puppies|
|Personality Traits||Brave, loyal, friendly, aggressive|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Good with Pets||Yes (including dogs)|
|Good for New/First-time Owners||No|
|Country of Origin||India|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||Not recognized as yet|
The real history and origin of this dog are still mysterious. Many researchers believe that the foreign explorers to the Cyprus region imported these Kumaon watchdogs, where the Indian tribesmen initially bred them. Thus, this breed also got its alternate name ‘Cypro Kukur’ in the local Kumaoni dialect (with the word ‘kukur’ meaning dog).
Experts have also hypothesized that this animal had descended from the large, solidly-built Molosser dog breeds, while another group of experts contradicts that, there is a higher chance of this dog to be a distant cousin of the Indian Mountain dog breeds.
Some historians also believe that conqueror Alexander the Great brought this breed in around 300 BC, during his excursions to the Indian subcontinent.
However, despite all these arguments, there is no documented evidence in support these beliefs. Unfortunately, even though it is a vulnerable breed, it has not yet received any official recognition from any of the kennel clubs.
Kumaon Mastiffs are extremely loyal to their masters and family members. It has a strong protective instinct which often shows up as aggression while guarding its house against strangers and intruders; an instinct that also makes it a good guard- and watchdog.
If this dog gets bored too often, it might get destructive. However, it is quite friendly with kids and other pets, especially when it gets the right training, and is socialized regularly. Assertive and rigid training sessions from a tender age can make them gentle and sweet-natured in general.
4.5-6 cups of dry dog food (kibbles) are enough for the adult Kumaon Mastiff. Divide this quantity into two halves for two meals. If your dog prefers meat, serve it raw.