The French Brittany is an AKC-recognized purebred gun dog that developed in South-western France. The Brittany dog has a medium size body with a stout chest, robust legs, and a docked tail. The large head, including the floppy ears, is relatively hairier than the rest of the body. Brittanies have overlapped lips, with a broad muzzle, wide nostrils, and almond-shaped eyes. Interestingly, though most Brittanies are born with naturally docked tails, a few rare specimens are born with long ones, which are later docked to a length of 3-10 cm.
French Brittany Pictures
|Other Names||French Brittany Spaniel, Le Fougueux, Epagneul Breton|
|Coat||Fine, dense, medium, flowing|
|Colors||Orange and white, liver and white, black and white, tricolor, orange roan, liver roan, black roan|
|Type||Sporting Dog, Spaniel|
|Group (of Breed)||Purebred|
|Weight||30–45 pounds (14–20 kg) (full grown male/female)|
|Height (Size)||Medium; 18-21 inches|
|Personality Traits||Brave, loyal, playful, alert, intelligent, social, responsive|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Good with Pets||Yes (including cats; if socialized)|
|Good for New/First-time Owners||Yes|
|Climatic Conditions||Resistant to damp and cold temperatures|
|Litter Size||5-8 puppies|
|Country of Origin||Brittany, France|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||DRA|
Video: French Brittany Puppy Training
History & Development
The Brittany breed developed from the English Setters and the small local Spaniel breeds back in the 1800s, in France’s Brittany province (from which it gets its name).
They excelled as a highly obedient pointer, retriever, and a gundog, which made them a favorite to the local hunter. In the 1920s, this breed began to be imported to North America.
In 1934, they were recognized by the AKC in the name Brittany Spaniel, which was further shortened to Brittany in 1982. Since then, many breeders took the name ‘Brittany’ as a short form for American Brittany, while the French Brittany, which was bred solely in France, became more famous as the ‘Epagneul Breton’ in its country. These dogs were out and out gun dogs in comparison to the American Brittany breeds which were large-sized running dogs.
In 1990, the dog was first exhibited at the Paris Dog Show. Soon after, a male Brittany named ‘Boy’ was recognized by the kennel club of France. At present, the Brittany is one of the most popular pointer dogs in field trials.
Temperament and Behavior
This dog does not merely cherish spending time with its family members but enjoys human company in general. They are always ready to welcome people at home, hence not excelling as watchdogs.
The French Brittany do not like solitude, and if forced to stay alone regularly, they might end up indulging in destructive activities like chewing garments and furniture or, digging up the garden.
They have an inborn hunting instinct which might provoke them to chase small mammals, birds, or chipmunks. This dog loves to wander and might walk out of your premises if your entrance is open.
French Brittanies do not do well indoors. They want some open space to run and play off-leash to satisfy their hunting instinct. Take your dog out for a one-hour walk or jogging, both in the morning and evening. But make sure, their play area is securely fenced.
Brittanies have a dense, fine coat. Brush your dog with a hard-bristled comb, two to three times a week, to prevent the hair from matting as well as to keep it clean.
Cases of hip and elbow dysplasia (though common to most retriever breeds), canine discoid lupus erythematosus and epilepsy have been reported.
- Train your dog not to chase smaller animals, as well as to accept the leash, at the same time. If your pup runs after a cat, take a piece of chicken in your hand and stand close to it. As it gets the scent and wags its tail, put the leash and offer the chicken, talking to it affectionately. Keep repeating the process, and it will understand that the treat was for being obedient (leaving the cat alone and accepting the leash).
- Make use of its retrieving skills through exciting and interactive games like Frisbee, throwing the ball in the air and catching it, and so on. Such activities will not merely satisfy the retrieving instinct of your pet, but also keep it active by good daily exercises.
A total of 1½ to 2½ cups of dry dog food is recommended for the French Brittany. Divide this quantity into two daily meals.
- On April 1, 2017, a female Brittany named Remnar died in a tragic accident after falling into a geothermal hot spring boiling from the Earth, while its owner’s brother Brent Torchio jumped in, trying to save it. Brent got second- and third-degree burns on more than 20% of his body, but later recovered and was released on April 18.
- Back in 2016, a 2-year-old Brittany from Port Charlotte, USA, got a chance to compete at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, UK.