By Avatar photoShiloh Nevada Last updated: 14th January 2023

Entlebucher Mountain Dog


Avatar photo Shiloh Nevada
Last updated: 14th January 2023

The Entlebucher Mountain Dog is an AKC-registered breed that developed in Switzerland’s Entlebucher. They are herding dogs with a strong sense of loyalty and possessiveness for their loved ones. Entlebuchers have a medium but sturdy body with a sleek head, floppy, triangular ears, almond-shaped eyes and a long muzzle, almost pointed towards its dark nostrils. Their neck is strong, while the legs are short but well-muscled and the long tail hangs downwards.

Entlebucher Mountain Dog Pictures

Quick Description

Other NamesEntlebucher, Entlebuch Mountain Dog, Entlebucher Cattle Dog, Entlebucher Sennenhund
CoatShort, dense, rough, thick
ColorsBlack, Black White & Tan, Black White & Yellow
Type Mountain Dog, Working Dog
Lifespan10-15 years
Weight45-65 pounds (full grown male/female)
Height (Size)Medium; 17-20 inches
Litter Size7-8 puppies
Personality TraitsBrave, loyal, active, territorial, agile, protective
Good with ChildrenYes
Good with PetsYes (if trained)
Good for New/First-time OwnersNo
BarkingAverage to low
Country of OriginSwitzerland
Competitive Registration/ Qualification InformationAKC, FCI, CKC, KC (UK), UKC
Breed Standards (AKC)

History & Development

The Entlebucher is the smallest of the four Sennenhund breeds that are found in Switzerland (with the other three being the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, the Appenzeller Sennenhund, and the Bernese Mountain Dog). All the Sennenhunds are believed to have originated from the cross between the Roman Mastiff and the local working dogs when the Roman invaders began to establish their rule in Europe. Most people have accepted that it is the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog that was the first of all the four breeds, while the other three developed from it.

The Entlebucher breed was developed for guarding and herding purposes in the Entlebuch region in the canton of Lucerne. They were primarily used by the herdsmen from the Alps to drive their cattle.

In 1889, the dog got recognition as an independent breed by the Swiss Kennel Club stud book, and within a short time (by early 20th century) it began to gain attention and popularity.

However, with the outbreak of the World War I, the breed began to decline, and by the time the war terminated, the entire population was almost wiped out by around 1926.

In 1927, a breeder named Franz Schertenleib took a prompt initiative to revive the breed and gathered 16 specimens, to begin with, a fresh breeding program. Luckily, the result was a success, and Schertenleib could prevent the breed from getting completely extinct.

In 2011, the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. At present, it is mostly kept as a companion rather than a working dog.

Temperament and Behavior

Entlebucher dogs love the outdoors and prefer staying close to their people. They do not enjoy staying alone for long. Territorial instinct is quite typical of these dogs, which makes them wary of strangers. Such a trait makes them an excellent watchdog. This breed is good for kids and is quite protective of them which especially comes from their inborn herding instinct. Though the Entlebuchers bark loud, they do it mostly for a purpose.



Entlebucher is an active breed that loves to run and stay busy, needing a lot of mental stimulation along with regular activities. Utilize this trait by taking them out for a long jogging daily for at least an hour or so. A house with a yard is recommended for this breed. Keep its leash away and allow it to run freely inside an enclosed yard.


This breed has a very short coat and do not need much grooming. Comb its hair a couple of times every week with a hard brush for a healthy and clean coat.

Health Problems

Because they developed from a small foundation stock, they are known to pick up hereditary diseases like hip dysplasia, hemolytic anemia, and progressive retinal atrophy. The National Entlebucher Mountain Dog Association (NEMDA) joined hands with several other organizations to work on these health issues by genetic testing, enhancing breeding techniques, etc.


Entlebuchers are highly tolerant to pain, and hence, physical punishment is not recommended particularly for this breed. Penalizing them by any hurtful procedure will be ineffective, and instead, your dog might end up being distrusting and timid.

  • Socializing your dog from time to time is important. Take your puppy out for a visit to nearby dog parks so that it can witness how other dogs interact with each other and other humans. Being in such an atmosphere would help your dog feel friendlier and tolerant towards other dogs and their human companions.
  • If you notice that your pet Entlebucher is being unable to control itself around unknown people, and is developing wariness towards strangers, or even getting aggressive at times when your friends visit, you can consider helping your dog cool down with the temporary experience of a dog muzzle. Use it only when it shows signs of aggression. Gradually, your dog will learn to keep itself calm by itself.


Feed them with 2½ to 3 cups of dry kibbles daily. Divide this portion into two meals.

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