The East Siberian Laika is a medium to large size purebred dog that developed in the snow-covered regions of Russia. This Spitz breed was mainly used as hunter-dogs known for their physical strength and protective instinct. They have a large, muscular body covered with thick, long and usually white fur. They are characterized by large head, small almond-shaped eyes, pointed ears, short muzzle, sturdy, well-built legs and a tail curled over its back.
|Other Names/Nicknames||Vostotchno-Sibirskaia Laika, ESL|
|Coat||Medium, double, dense|
|Colors||Black, gray, red or any shade of brown; combination of white is very common|
|Group (of Breed)||Hunting Dog|
|Weight||35 to 55 pounds (full grown male/female)|
Males – 48 to 56 cm;
Females – 51 to 60 cm
|Personality Traits||Brave, loyal, intelligent, aggressive, protective, willful, obstinate|
|Good with Children||Yes (if trained from early age)|
|Good with Pets||No|
|Good for New/First-time Owners||No|
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||UKC (Northern Breed), FCI, DRA, ACA
Evidence suggests that the East Siberian Laika developed in the 19th century around the Lake Baikal region to the east of the Yenisei River. Breed enthusiasts, however, claim that they originated in the 17th century. However, there is no evidence in support of this view.
The ES Laika is the largest among the 4 Laika-type Russian dogs (with the other three being the West Siberian Laika, the Karelo-Finnish Laika, and the Russo-European Laika) and is believed to have descended from the Aboriginal dogs that closely resembled the Spitz.
They were brought into the region by the immigrants from the West and were mainly used as a hunting dog for both small and large games including squirrels, grouse, marten, sable, moose, wild boar, and even bear and mountain lions.
The early Laikas varied significantly in their physical proportions, some of which are still noted today in the individuals belonging to the breed. The East Siberian Laikas are presently used as a herding dog, as well as a working dog employed to pull sleds.
In 1947, the ES Laika, along with the other three Laika breeds, was recognized for the first time at the All-Union Cynological Congress. Wildlife biologist K. G. Abramov established the first breed standards for this breed in the 1970s. On January 1, 1996, it was recognized by the United Kennel Club.
Since they developed as a hunting breed, the ES Laikas are extremely aggressive towards big predators and are highly protective of their family members, both adult, and children. Such a trait makes them a good watch dog as well. They are stubborn and independent at times, however, their overall balanced and calm temperament makes them a loyal companion dog.
1½ to 2½ cups of dry kibbles is the standard measurement of the total food they should consume per day, including brunch and supper.