Coton de Tulear is a small-sized, appealing breed of dog, getting its name from the Tulear city in Madagascar where it was said to have originated. Besides its cotton-like soft coat that gives it a cute, fluffy look just like a toy, other features that define it include its short, triangular shaped head, dark, round, widely set eyes, thin, triangular ears set to a height, round nose, straight muzzle and a low set tail, curved to its back and raised at the tip.
|Pronunciation||Co tawn day too lee are|
|Other names||Coton, Cotie|
|Coat||Medium to long, soft, fluffy and cotton like|
|Color||White and black with markings of yellow, tricolor, white and gray|
|Average lifespan||14 -19 years|
|Size (How big do they get)||Small|
|Height of a full grown Coton de tulear||Males: 25 to 30 cm; Females: 22 to 27 cm|
|Weight of a full grown Coton de tulear||Males: 13 to 18 lbs; Females: 7.7 to 11 lbs|
|Litter size||4 to 6 puppies|
|Behavioral traits||Intelligent, fun loving; curious; sweet, cuddly|
|Good with children||Yes|
|Climate Compatibility||Compatible to varied weather conditions including rain and snow|
|Barking tendency||Moderate to low|
|Shedding (Does it shed)||Low|
|Competitive Registration Qualification/Information||FCI, AKC, UKC, KC (UK), CKC|
|Country||Madagascar (Patronage: France)|
Coton Eskimo – American Eskimo Dog x Coton De Tulear
Cotonese – Maltese x Coton De Tulear
Havaton – Coton De Tulear x Havanese
Pooton – Coton De Tulear x Poodle
Queen Marie Antoinette Spaniel – Maltese x Coton De Tulear x Cocker Spaniel
Coton Tzu – Shih Tzu x Coton De Tulear
Developed in the Madagascar Island, it is also considered as the national dog of this place. Their ancestors were believed to be transported here in the 16th and 17th centuries when the pirate ships touched the port. Though the exact origination of the Coton is unknown with different stories circulating about the same, it was said to be a pet of the Merina and Malagasy nobles, who were so possessive of these dogs that they had passed a law against it to be owned by any commoner. It was quite contented to be in its place of origin until the period of the 1960s when it came under the recognition of the French people. Dr. Robert Jay Russell discovered it in 1973 in Madagascar and imported them to the United States, also naming them, the Royal Dog of Madagascar. The Coton de Tulear Club of America was formed in the year 1976 by Mr. Russell. It was entered into AKC’s FSS in 1996 and gained complete recognition as a breed in 2014.
Affectionate and intelligent, it makes for a perfect companion dog any owner would love to have, all because of its cute and cuddly demeanor.
They enjoy being amidst the members of their family, loving to cuddle and snuggle into the laps of their loved ones. Because of his friendly attitude, he is even known as the kissing dog.
Their clownish, light-hearted antics and the manner in which they cock or tilt their head is enough to amuse anyone.
Another interesting trait if the Coton is its habit of moving about on its hind legs to please all those around him. Though they are not that yappy in comparison to other toy breeds, they could grunt, bark and make a lot of noise while playing or even out of excitement. They are known to be friendly towards strangers and are anxious about meeting new people, but can emit a bark to alert its owner if it senses anything unusual, thus not being good enough for a watchdog.
They share a friendly equation with kids of all age and are even know to modify themselves in such a way that the little ones do not trip and fall on them even while playing. They would also get along with other animals without much hassle.
Being an intelligent and loyal dog, this is a highly trainable breed, though a firm trainer is needed to handle it tactfully.
Housebreaking: Like other small dog breeds, your Coton might also take some time to potty train. Hence impart housebreaking training to the puppies right from the time they have been brought home. Maintain a fixed feeding schedule and avoid giving him tidbits in between his mealtime. The minute he wakes up take him out to eliminate and repeat the same thing after every half or one hour. You must also take him to excrete his wastes the moment he gets up from a nap and also post his meals. Make sure you take it to the same place each time as in this way he would get accustomed to it and associate his need to eliminate with that particular spot. Every time he listens to you praise it or reward it with a treat. Learn to identify your puppy’s needs and if you see him scratching the floor, barking, circling or sniffing, take him out at once. Never rebuke it in case of an accident, instead continue with the training schedule.
Crate training: Since they are prone to separation anxiety, start crate training as early as possible. Put its personal belongings within to give it a sense of comfort. Never use a crate for punishing it and also avoid keeping it within throughout the day.
Dry dog food in measured amounts alongside a nutritious homemade diet is essential to keep your Coton in sound health.