The Combai is a breed of Indian hounds that developed around 500 years ago. Known for their immense strength and guarding skills, these large dogs are still used in some parts of the country as a defender of property. Combais have an elongated face with strong jaws, almond-shaped eyes, a long muzzle with the tip having a dark mask. They have a broad chest with a sleek waistline, straight, sturdy legs, and an upward curly tail.
|Other Names||Kombai, Indian Boar Hound, Indian Boardog|
|Coat||Short, straight, rough|
|Colors||Usually tan and reddish brown|
|Group (of Breed)||Hound|
|Weight||Males: around 77 pounds;
Females: around 66 pounds
Males: 24-26 inches;
Females: 22-24 inches
|Personality Traits||Brave, protective, loyal, aggressive, intelligent, ready to please|
|Good with Children||Yes (if trained from early age)|
|Good with Pets||No (including dogs and smaller pets, if not socialized)|
|Good for New/First-time Owners||No|
|Climatic Conditions||Not good for cold climate|
|Country of Origin||India|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||Not recognized by any major kennel club|
This ancient breed developed in the 15th century India in and around the Dravidian region now known as Tamil Nadu and some parts of Kerala and was once spread throughout the region. Till date, many locals and breed experts presume that the breed existed as early as the 9th century.
Presently, they are only limited to a particular area of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, and in a few kennels. The authenticity of its bloodline is often put to question because of its enormous appearance, especially when compared to the stock available to the modern day breeders of the region.
Combais evolved as a true ‘guard dog’ and was extensively used by the Royals, as well as the commoners for hunting medium to large size games including deer, bears, and bison. Some experts believe that they were even used to guard people’s cattle against leopards, lions, and tigers. Gradually, the dog began to work as a guardian to homesteads and farmhouses against trespassers.
The armies of the Marudhu Pandiyar, the royal brothers who ruled the Sivagangai region of Tamil Nadu towards the end of the 18th century, used the Combai dogs while fighting back the British soldiers that tried to annex the Dravidian kingdom under the British Empire.
Though no major dog registries have recognized this breed, they are still popular in the Southern region of India as both an inviolable hunter as well as a faithful pet.
Besides its robust guarding instincts, it is known for its loyalty towards its owner and his family. Such traits always motivate it to find out ways to please its master, and would not even think twice to give its own life to save its family.
Combais are athletic and energetic dogs, doing well in open surroundings rather than confined in enclosed places like apartments. Though aggressive to unknown people, they are modest towards their kith and kin, sharing a good rapport with children of the family.
Like other large high-energy dogs, they would need around 3-5 cups of dry kibbles, divided into two regular meals.