Merle coat is a distinct genetic pattern seen in certain dogs, giving them a mottled or patched appearance. Breeds with such coat textures may either have blue or red patches varying in accordance with the kind of melanin pigment which has been produced. Besides the two primary colors, the patches could also be of cream, fawn, chocolate, sable, and yellow. The Catahoula Leopard Dog and Australian Shepherd are the two most prominent breeds having distinguished merle markings.
List of Merle-Colored Dog Breeds
Small Merle Dogs
- Cardigan Welsh Corgi – Blue Merle
- Chihuahua – Blue, Red, and Lilac Merle
- Dachshund – Blue and Red Merle
- Pomeranian – Chocolate, and Blue Merle
Medium Sized Merle Dogs
- Australian Shepherd – Red and Blue Merle
- Border Collie– Blue, Red, and Sable Merle
- Koolie – Blue and Red Merle
- Pyrenean Shepherd – Blue Merle
- Shetland Sheepdog – Blue
- Smooth Collie – Blue and Sable Merle
Big Merle Dogs
- Catahoula Leopard Dog – Red
- Great Dane – Red, Blue, and Mantle Merle
Did You Know
- The merle pattern on Dachshunds is a contrast of light and dark, known as dappled, giving them a mystical and elegant appearance.
- The term double merle often doing the rounds is no jargon but a name given to breeds born of two merle-coated dogs.
- Though merle-colored dogs stand out for their cuteness and magnificent appeal, they are at a higher risk of several health problems like blindness, and deafness.