Mainly bred to catch bears and protect flocks of sheep from wolves and thieves, the Caucasian Ovcharka, the tall, strong-boned, muscular, black-nosed, wide-headed, large-featured dog is covered with short coat, having strong paws with hair between their toes. In Russian, they are called Кавказская Овчарка or Кавказский Волкодав.
||Caucasian Shepherd Dog|
|Coat||Moderately long, dense|
|Color||Combinations of white, brindle, gray, tan, fawn or pied|
|Group (of Breed)||Flock guard (sheepdog)|
|Weight||45 – 70 kg|
||Large; 64 – 72 cm|
|Shedding||Seasonal (twice a year)|
|Temperament||Strong-willed, alert, courageous|
|Good with Children||No|
|Litters||3-10 puppies at a time|
|Health Concerns||Hip and elbow dysplasia|
|Competitive Registration||FCI, NKC, CKC, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR, AKC/FSS, ACA|
This dog belongs to a very ancient breed, said to have evolved from ancestors 2000 years ago.
There are two varieties of the Caucasian ovcharka according to its coat type:
This hardy, brace, strong, alert and extremely intelligent dog, with a big instinct to defend, would protect anyone in the family, including other pets/other dogs, an instinct derived from the fact that they were actually to protect livestock and attack and catch intruders. Do not leave them alone with children, else they might mess trying to be over-protective. They are not too friendly with strangers, but would welcome family friends.
From the time they are a puppy, give them a thorough socialization training about mixing with people by a trainer or owner who can display a strong leadership and has enough time in hand to train. Be sure to lead the dog while jogging/walking to ensure your own pack leadership.
Caucasian ovcharka is an easy keeper for its size. A lactating or pregnant bitch and a growing puppy can eat 8-10 cups daily, but an adult, unstressed dog might eat comparatively less. Feed the dog with a high-quality food which should provide necessary nutrition. Best would be, if you can check with your dog breeder to see what diet they would recommend, since some breeders would supplement its food with yogurt, goat milk, cooked meat etc. Feed the young puppies 2-3 times a day, and adults 1-2 times daily. The huge Caucasian ovcharka, naturally, has a huge appetite. It needs a big diet daily of up to two large bowls during meals. A high quality dry dog food is recommended.