Caucasian Ovcharka ( Caucasian Shepherd Dog)
Mainly bred to catch bears and protect flocks of sheep from wolves and thieves, the Caucasian Ovcharka, the tall, strong-boned, muscular, black-nosed, wide-headed, large-featured dog is covered with short coat, having strong paws with hair between their toes. In Russian, they are called Кавказская Овчарка or Кавказский Волкодав.
Caucasian Ovcharka Pictures
|Other Name||Caucasian Shepherd Dog|
|Coat||Moderately long, dense|
|Color||Combinations of white, brindle, gray, tan, fawn or pied|
|Group (of Breed)||Flock guard (sheepdog)|
|Weight||45 – 70 kg|
|Height (size)||Large; 64 – 72 cm|
|Shedding||Seasonal (twice a year)|
|Temperament||Strong-willed, alert, courageous|
|Good with Children||No|
|Litters||3-10 puppies at a time|
|Health Concerns||Hip and elbow dysplasia|
|Competitive Registration||FCI, NKC, CKC, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR, AKC/FSS, ACA|
Video – Caucasian Ovcharka Vs. Pitbull:
This dog belongs to a very ancient breed, said to have evolved from ancestors 2000 years ago.
There are two varieties of the Caucasian ovcharka according to its coat type:
- The long-coat variety,
- The short-coat variety or, the Kazbek types.
Temperament and Behavior
This hardy, brace, strong, alert and extremely intelligent dog, with a big instinct to defend, would protect anyone in the family, including other pets/other dogs, an instinct derived from the fact that they were actually to protect livestock and attack and catch intruders. Do not leave them alone with children, else they might mess trying to be over-protective. They are not too friendly with strangers, but would welcome family friends.
Since they need plenty of open area to play around, they are not meant for apartment life. If not working all day as a livestock guard, they should be taken for long walks or jogging.
In order to prevent hair-entangling, the long coat type needs frequent brushing, unlike the short-hair variety, which is especially important during their shedding periods.
The mammoth-size Caucasian ovcharka is vulnerable to many common dog diseases, hip and elbow dysplasia being the commonest of them all.
From the time they are a puppy, give them a thorough socialization training about mixing with people by a trainer or owner who can display a strong leadership and has enough time in hand to train. Be sure to lead the dog while jogging/walking to ensure your own pack leadership.
Caucasian ovcharka is an easy keeper for its size. A lactating or pregnant bitch and a growing puppy can eat 8-10 cups daily, but an adult, unstressed dog might eat comparatively less. Feed the dog with a high-quality food which should provide necessary nutrition. Best would be, if you can check with your dog breeder to see what diet they would recommend, since some breeders would supplement its food with yogurt, goat milk, cooked meat etc. Feed the young puppies 2-3 times a day, and adults 1-2 times daily. The huge Caucasian ovcharka, naturally, has a huge appetite. It needs a big diet daily of up to two large bowls during meals. A high quality dry dog food is recommended.
- The Caucasian ovcharka is popular in many names including Circassian Sheep Dog, Armenian Khobun, Sage Ghafghazi, Georgian Nagazi, Kavkasiuri Nagazi, Kavkazty Uasahichala, Kars Çoban Köpeği, Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Zhaul Zhali.
- The dense fur helps it cope with living outdoors in its own kennel or some proper shelter.
- To the present day, these dogs are used to guard live flocks, poultries etc.
- Traditionally, these dogs’ ears are cropped, however, some modern Caucasian ovcharkas are kept unaltered, since many dog lovers feels that, this act is cruel, and also because it is not considered to be a necessary attribute for the traditional working conditions of the dog any more.