The Bolonka (originally, Tsvetnaya Bolonka in Russian, meaning ‘colored lapdog’) is a very rare toy dog that developed in Russia in the 18th century. This breed is known for its adorable looks, matched with its sweet temperament.
They have a small body wholly covered with curly hair, along with a round face and short tail, enhancing their sweetness. The eyes and nose are dark and button-like, the ears are floppy, and the muzzle is short and blunt. Their chest is relatively broader while the legs are quite sturdy.
|Other Names||Russian Colored Bichon, Colored Bichon, Russian Lapdog, Toy Bolonki|
|Coat||Curly, long, dense, soft, silky, wavy|
|Colors||Breed standard (AKC) accepts any color including Black, Brown, Gray, Red, and Wolf-Gray, except white|
|Group (of Breed)||Toy Dog, Companion Dog|
|Weight||4-9 pounds (full grown male/female)|
|Height (Size)||Small; 26-32 inches|
|Personality Traits||Playful, sweet, affectionate, protective, loyal|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Good with Pets||Yes|
|Good for New/First-time Owners||Yes|
|Litter Size||1-3 puppies at a time|
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||AKC/FSS, DRA, ARBA, NATBC|
The Bolonka breed developed during the 1800’s in Russia’s Moscow and Saint Petersburg region after their ancestors migrated to the country as the ‘French Bolonka’ that was gifted to the Russian Czar by a French ambassador from the court of Louis IV.
Russia was never known to have developed toy breeds since they never gave it much importance because of the increasing demand for working dogs. Also, the harsh weather conditions of the country were never friendly for any toy dog to survive. However, Russia fought over the ownership of the dog and never allowed the dog to be bred outside of its geographical borders, naming it the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka.
It took over a century for the Bolonka to be able to breed outside the country for the very first time. They were later revived after the historic fall of the Iron Curtain in Russia.
In the 1960s, they were exported to some parts of Europe, though their fewer numbers compelled the breeders to opt for inbreeding.
By the 1980s, it gradually went on to gain popularity in other parts of Europe. They came to be known as Bolonka Zwetna or Deutscher Bolonka in Germany, and Barevny Bolonsky Psik in the Czech Republic. Though, all of them shared a common bloodline.
Finally, by around 1999 or 2000, the dog was exported to the United States, where they have presently been a popular breed, getting recognized by UKC, as well as included as an FSS breed by the American Kennel Club in February 2015.
The Bolonka is an extremely fun-loving, playful and high-spirited dog that expects everyone it knows to be its playmate. They are also intelligent and affectionate, being quick enough to understand the minds of their family members very quickly. When caressed, they would sit quietly on the lap, giving company to its loved ones.
They share an excellent rapport with kids as well as other pets. Since the Bolonka was initially developed for defending its territory, it can also be a good watchdog. The breed is suitable for both city and country life.
Feed your dog ¼ to ½ cup of dry kibbles daily (both meals included).