Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain dog is one of the four varieties of mountain dogs of Switzerland. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, the Entlebucher Sennenhund and the Appenzeller Sennenhund are the other three members of the Mountain dog family. Its short, hanging ears and glossy, moderately long coat helps it to adapt to the biting cold of the Swiss mountains. Characterized by golden or white patches on the feet and a black face and nose, these loyal dogs guard and love their owners till death.
Bernese Mountain Dog Pictures
|Also known as||Berner, Berner Sennen, Berner Sennenhund (in Swiss German)|
|Coat||Moderately long, silky, dense|
|Color||Black, white and rusty|
|Group (of Breed)||Working (AKC), mastiff|
|Weight||Male: 85-120 poundsFemale: 70-100 pounds|
|Height (size)||Large; Male: 25-27.5 inchesFemale: 23-26 inches|
|Temperament||Social, loyal, alert|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Litters||1-14 puppies at a time|
|Gestation Period||58-63 days|
|Health Concerns||Cancer, including malignant histiocytosis, mast cell tumor, lymphosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, and osteosarcoma|
|Competitive Registration||CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, NKC, NZKC, CCR, ANKC, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR, ACA|
Video- How to groom a Bernese mountain dog:
Originating in the ancient times (exact date being unknown, but probably working in the Swiss farms for more than 2,000 years), these dogs were used as livestock or farm dog that are found in old paintings. The Romans brought them with them while invading the Alps during first century B.C.
Temperament and Behavior
This ‘cute’ and friendly breed, with its calm and easy-going personality, need socialization training while still a puppy, and they would be gentle with both the owner, with the other pets like cats, the strangers and the kids, though needing time to act like mature adults, but acting like puppies for a much longer time. The Bernese mountain dog, with a dry mouth, does not drool.
Provide them with a fenced yard to run around, stretch out and play, since they are not suitable for apartment life. Do not confine them in the kennel/backyard, but take them out for jogging/walk daily, not just for its health, but for its migratory instinct.
The heavy-shedding adult/puppy Berners shed seasonally, hence brush them at least twice a week and bathe them thoroughly with dry shampoo, if actually necessary. Brush their teeth twice/thrice weekly to avoid tartar build-up, clip nails by expert hands especially if you hear their nails tapping against the floor, clean their ears to avoid infections. Costumes for the Bernese mountain dogs, like tie, harness etc. are also available in many dog stores.
Their week gene pool and inbreeding make them vulnerable to many major breed-related diseases like OCD, CHD, histicytosis, elbow dysplasia, different types of cancers that are the foremost reason of the death of this breed. Minor issues might also affect their health, which include allergies, diarrhea, dry skin, joint problems, PRA, hypomyelination, gastric torsion and fragmented coronoid process. Take extra care that their body hair do not heat them up easily and give them heatstroke. Take them to the vet if any symptoms arise. Also, test their health, especially their eyes, shoulders and hips frequently.
Train the alert, confident and well-behaved dog firmly, but soberly right from adoption and show your natural leadership to avoid ‘pack leader’ issues. They are fond of their owners, picking up tricks and training easily, since they are not overly dominant, and would even learn to pull wagons or carts instinctually, since they were bred mainly for drafting work.
Give them dry dog foods like kibble. The quantity is 3 to 5 cups per day, but divided into two meals.
- Bernese mountain dogs have been adopted by many celebrities.
- A Bernese mountain dog named Sasha followed a goat off of a mountain cliff and then managed to survive the fall and waited for three days on an ice shelf for rescue.
- By the end of the 19th century, the Berners faced near extinction until a duteous gentleman named Franz Schertenleib arranged for a breeding program collecting all possible specimens. This actually worked.
- The Bernese Mountain Dog gets its name since they originated in a region named Berne in Switzerland.