Belonging to the Herding breed of dogs, the widely popular dog in Europe and the US, Belgian Malinois is extensively used as a working dog mainly for crime and police tasks like detecting odors of explosives, accelerants, narcotics, tracking down criminals, in rescue missions and search works.
Belgian Malinois Pictures
|Other Names||Belgian Shepherd Dog, Malinois|
|Color||Black, black and tan, gray|
|Group (of Breed)||Herding|
|Lifespan||11 to 13 years|
|Weight||65 to 75 pounds (29 to 34 kg approx.)|
||Large; 24 to 26 inches (60 to 66 cm approx.)|
|Temperament||Loyal, responsive, intelligent, alert|
|Good with Child||No|
|Litters||6-10 puppies at a time|
|Common Nickname||Pastor Belga Malinois|
|Competitive Registration||CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, NKC, NZKC, ANKC, APRI, ACR, DRA, NAPR|
These dogs evolved in the 1800s in Belgium and mainly served as sheepdogs.
These obedient, committed, watchful and territorial dog love masters who don’t dominate or rude, or else the dog too will not cooperate. They are good with children and would socialize well if taught from puppyhood. Herding behaviors like circling, chasing, roaming aimlessly or biting at people’s heels are often seen in them.
Belgian malinois is a mild-to-average shedder. However, it sheds heavily only twice every year.
As a working dog, the Belgian malinois is accustomed to dynamic outdoor life and hence a lot of physical exercise, long walks and jogs is required daily, as also playing in an open area unleashed would keep them happy and healthy.
Brush the short, smooth coat regularly with firm-bristle brushes, but bathe them only when really needed, otherwise, the natural waterproofing of the dog’s coat might be affected. Also, brush their teeth twice/thrice weekly and trim their nails by experienced hands from time to time.
These hardy and healthy dogs do not have much health issues except some minor physical or mental problems including hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, eye problems, skin allergies, excessive aggressiveness, excessive shyness etc. They are sensitive to anesthesia. Gather health history of the puppies’ parents from their breeders.
These highly active dogs need foods rich in nutrients. They are meat dogs and love to eat plenty of meat, and hence, a rib bone per week or an oxtail suit to be fine. Egg and yoghurt, 1 tbsp every week, is healthy for them. You can add electrolytes to its drinking water, and can also serve them with fruit or vegetable juice (which you can store as ice cubes to ease work) 3 to 4 times weekly. Dogs fed with 28% to 32% of protein in their diet tend to receive fewer training injuries, however, the typical fat content of the diet of the dog should be between 25% and 32%. But give them small meals every time. For dry foods, a good quality food is recommended. 2-3 cups, divided into two courses of meal should be enough to meet their daily need.
Train them, better by an experienced owner, to socialize when you bring home the puppies, since the adulthood temperament depends on how good the puppy was trained. It might be tough to take on them later, if you don’t set rules clearly, or do not teach them the do’s and don’ts of living with its owner’s family, so that a natural authority and confidence of the owner over his pet is revealed.
- This dog suits best to owners who have spacious houses and have no problem having their brittle vase broken or rosewood furniture get scratched.
- The present-day Belgian malinois can be traced back to a breeding pair of pet dogs which were owned by Adrien Janssens, a shepherd living in Laeken.
- In the 2000s, as these dogs acquired a good amount of attention in the police and the military forces, drug detecting agencies, rescue operations etc., USA has started importing Malinois over the past few years.
- Belgian malinois was the first dog used by Belgian police.
Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd
Points of Difference
|Height; Weight||24-26 inches; 65-75 pounds||26-26 inches; 85-100 pounds||22-25 inches; 50-70 pounds|
|Coat||Fine, wire||Medium||Long, flat, harsh|
|Group||Herding||Herding and working||Herding|
|Good with Child||No||No||Yes|
|Litter Size||6-10 puppies||5-10 puppies||8-12 puppies|
|Life Expectancy||11-13 years||9-13 years||12-15 years|