By Sergey Uhanov (Certified Veterinarian)Dr. Sergey Uhanov Last updated: 18th October 2022



Sergey Uhanov (Certified Veterinarian) Dr. Sergey Uhanov
Last updated: 18th October 2022

Azawakhs (Singular pronunciation: As-a-wakh; Plural Pronunciation: As-a-wakhs) are a tall and slender breed of dogs (hounds) originating in West Africa. They are renowned for their guarding instinct. Nimble and energetic, they have been kept as pets around the world for many decades.

Azawakh Pictures

Quick Description

Other NamesTuareg Sloughi (Historical), Idi, Hanshee, Oska, Rawondu, Bareeru, Wulo
CoatSilky and short
ColorsFawn with a white bib on the chest, stockings and tail tip also white
Group (of Breed)Purebred
Lifespan/ Life ExpectancyAround 12 years
Height1’11’’-2’5’’ at the shoulders
Weight33-55 lbs
Personality Traits·Guarding instinct,
·Suspicious of the unknown,
·Strong bond with the owner,
·Gentle and affectionate
Good with ChildrenModerate
Good with PetsNo
Litter Size4-6 puppies
Hypoallergenic No
Country of OriginNigeria
Competitive Registration/Qualification InformationACA, ACR, AKC/FSS, APRI, CKC, DRA, FCI, NAPR, NKC, UKC

Azawakh Puppy Playing


Originating during the Nigerian Civilization of West Africa, the Azawakh developed in Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. They served as companions, guard dogs and hunting partners for the Tuareg People and other nomadic tribes of that region. They were highly regarded for their ability to bring down wild boar, gazelles and other medium sized ungulates, which they would not kill, but waited for the masters to arrive.

In the 1970s the breed was taken to Yugoslavia by Dr. Pecar, a diplomat stationed in Burkina Faso. French civil servants and military played a big part in bringing the Azawakh to Europe. In America, the first litter was born in 1987.

It is believed that the Azawakh is a result of a mixture of wolves, jackals and the dog breeds of Sloughi and Saluki.

Temperament & Behavior

Considering its origin, the Azawakh can be a useful guardian and companion, but will always have the inherent qualities of a hunter within it. They are a swift, intelligent, attentive, loyal, alert and proud breed. Their behavior with strangers can range from affectionate to indifferent but also the other way around. The owner must portray himself to the dog as its firm and confident pack leader. He must be even-tempered with his pet to get the best behavior out of it.



Azawakh dogs require a lot of exercise, mostly running over long distances, and also walking at a brisk pace. Take it out at the same time every day to let it have its required physical work; this will ensure an Azawakh with a consistently good mood.


Because of the Azawakh’s short and fine hair, only a hound glove is needed to keep it clean and shiny. They do not require baths frequently as they do not have any body odor. Brush the teeth only when they have to chew on bones. Its nails need to be clipped on a regular basis.

Health Problems

The owner must keep a close watch for ear infections for the Azawakh. Also, seizures and hypothyroidism are serious illnesses that plague this dog. They can also suffer from skin diseases like Demodectic Mange, which is an unpleasant skin irritation. Obesity is another problem the Azawakh faces.

Regular trips to a licensed veterinarian can keep most health complications at bay.


At all times during the training of the Azawakh, a positive reinforcement technique has to be employed. The owner cannot expect to yell and dole out harshness to the dog, as that would result in a timid, obstinate, aggressive and overall difficult pet to deal with.

You must remember to socialize your Azawakh with all close family and friends. If it accepts them and is affectionate with them, fine; if not, don’t push it lest the dog becomes vicious.


An Azawakh can be given 1.5 to 2.5 cups of dry dog food every day split between two meals. Do not over stuff the dog because of its proneness to obesity. You can give it the occasional piece of meat and give fruits and vegetables on a regular basis.

Interesting Facts

  • Azawakhs can run at speeds of up to 37 miles per hour (60 kilometers per hour).

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