By Macy Gen Veterinary AssistantMacy Gen Last updated: 18th October 2022

American Eskimo Dog


Macy Gen Veterinary Assistant Macy Gen
Last updated: 18th October 2022

The American Eskimo dog, a German companion breed, belongs to the Spitz group. They come in three distinct sizes: the toy, standard, and miniature.

Overall these white or white-biscuit dogs give the impression of a beautiful, alert, agile, and muscular breed. Their wolf-like look gives them an appearance of a perfect spitz.

Other prominent physical traits include a muscular head, triangular ears, slightly oval eyes, a broad muzzle, and a plumed tail carried over its back. They closely replicate some of the spitz breeds like the Danish spitz, Japanese spitz, Samoyed, and Indian Spitz.

American Eskimo Dog Pictures

Quick Information

Other NamesCloud Spitz, American Spitz, German Spitz
NicknamesEskie, Cloud
CoatDouble coat – Undercoat – Soft and dense;
Outercoat – Long, stiff, and wiry
ColorWhite; white & biscuit
Breed  TypePurebred
GroupCompanion dog, spitz breed
Lifespan13-15 days
SizeToy, Miniature, Standard
HeightToy: 9-12 inches
Miniature: 12-15 inches
Standard: 15-19 inches
WeightToy: 6-10 pounds
Miniature: 10-20 pounds
Standard: 25-35 pounds
Litter Size3-5 puppies
PersonalityIntelligent, alert, friendly, protective
Good with ChildrenYes
Barking TendencyHigh
Climate CompatibilityAdjusts well in cold weather but is not comfortable when it is too hot
Apartment CompatibilityGood
Do they shedYes; excessively
Are they HypoallergenicNo
How much do they cost$700-$1500 (for puppies)
Competitive Registration Qualification/ InformationAKC, VDH, FCI
CountryUnited States of America

History and Origin

The origin of the American Eskimo dog isn’t known. However, they owe their lineage to the spitz breeds brought to America by the German immigrants in the first half of the 18th century. They initially served as farm dogs. By the end of the 19th century, they played an integral part in show business. Their good looks and increased trainability were two of the main reasons.

White wasn’t always the recognized color of the different breeds of German spitz. Yet, in the United States, white was the preferred shade. In the First World War, the Axis and Allied powers were opponents. At this time, the American owners decided to call their dogs American spitz and not German spitz, the reason known to all. Their fame heightened after the First World War, and they eventually became a famous find in American circuses. They underwent a name change to American Eskimo dog by a particular kennel in Ohio which bred spitz dogs. The United Kennel Club of America registered them in 1919. However, it attained the American Kennel Club’s recognition much later, in 1995, while the Canadian Kennel Club acknowledged the breed in 2006.


They are a combination of several personality traits: intelligence, alertness, friendliness, and loyalty. These protective dogs possess an excellent watching ability, alerting their masters about the arrival of a stranger. Call it a boon or a bane; these dogs have an intense barking tendency that could at times pose a menace to the neighbors. Constant training right from their puppyhood would teach these dogs to bark only when the need arises and not every time.

When in the bounds of their home, the American Eskimo dog is friendly and loyal, excelling as great companion pets. They do well with kids of the family and with other dogs and cats, mainly if raised together.



Active and energetic, your Eskie needs a lot of exercises to stay calm and contented. A bored Eskie would often resort to destructive activities, unnecessary barking being one of them. That doesn’t mean that you would leave it out to play independently. He would enjoy more with you or other family members rather than solitary play. Besides one 20-minute or two short 10-minute walks, you may even arrange for play sessions inside a fenced yard.


Eskies shed a lot throughout the year, yet grooming them wouldn’t be that difficult because of their soft topcoat and long undercoat. Brush them twice or thrice a week using a soft-bristled or pin brush that would help remove the dead hair with ease, also lessening the chances of matting. Bathe them occasionally or when they gets dirty. Frequent bathing could reduce the oil from their coat resulting in dry skin and causing allergies and irritation. Also, trim their nails once a month and even clean their ears using a vet-approved solution weekly to keep infections at bay.

Health Problems

Some of the common problems the Eskies suffer from include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, juvenile cataract, and Legg calve Perthes disease.


The Eskies’ intelligence, and eagerness to learn, makes them one of the most easily trainable dogs. They can grasp new commands quickly, even by following other dogs, making obedience training a lot easier.

Socialization: True that they are friendly dogs, yet early socialization would help them distinguish between a positive and negative experience. Once they learn to distinguish the good from the bad, the Eskies wouldn’t just bark like that at anyone and everyone. Instead, they would only vocalize when the need arises.

Obedience: Teach them the basic commands from the start, like ‘stop’ and ‘stay .’This would help you control your Eskie whenever it is up to anything undesirable, like barking for no reason.


The energetic, agile Eskie needs a high-quality diet, store-bought or homemade, devised upon the supervision of a veterinarian. Make sure to include their daily dose of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals to boost their overall nutrition. Keep treats to the minimum as too much of it may trigger obesity resulting in several health problems.

Interesting Facts

  • An Eskie named Stout’s Pal Pierre rose to fame for walking on a tight rope at  Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in 1930s.


Q. Do American Eskimo dogs come in black?

White, white, and biscuit are the standard colors of this breed as recognized by the American Kennel Club. Black Eskies are rare, and even if they exist, they aren’t possibly purebred.

Q. How do the Samoyed and American Eskimo dogs differ from each other?

The Eskie resembles several spitz breeds, the Samoyed being one of them. The primary difference between the two is in terms of size. The Samoyeds appear bigger than the American Eskimo dog.

Q. Are American Eskimo dogs good for first-timers?

Yes, because of their charming personalities and friendly demeanor.

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