The Pumi is a breed of Hungarian working and sheep dogs that received full AKC status on July 1, 2016. The breed serves many functions like herding cattle, guarding the farm, and exterminating vermin. Considered as a ‘town dog’ in Hungary, it is one of the lesser known breeds probably because of its rustic appearance. This dog has a lean but muscular structure with a semi-elongated face, slightly floppy ears, black almond eyes, sturdy legs, and a low-hanging tail. Its entire body is covered with curly hair.
|Other Names||Hungarian Pumi|
|Coat||Double-layered, Long, Shaggy, Wavy, Curly, Dense|
|Colors||Black, Silver, Gray, Sand, Rust, Grizzle|
|Type||Livestock Dog, Working Dog, Sheep Dog, Herding Dog, Guard Dog, Watchdog|
|Group (of Breed)||Purebred|
|Lifespan||12 to 13 years|
|Weight||Male: 22-33 pounds;
Female: 18-29 pounds
(full grown adults)
Male: 16-19 inches;
Female: 15-18 inches
|Personality Traits||Lively, loyal, intelligent, active, protective|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Good with Pets||Yes (including cats, but might be unsafe for pocket pets like rodents, etc.)|
|Country of Origin||Hungary|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||Recognized by:
AKC/FSS, ACA, ACR, APRI, CKC, DRA, FCI, NAPR, NKC
The Hungarian Pumi Club of America, Inc.
It was in the 1700s that this medium to small breed was developed for the first time. Initially produced from the Hungarian Puli breed for the purpose of driving cattle, the Pumi was brought along with the Spanish Merino sheep that were imported between the 17th and 18th centuries.
Nothing in certain is known about its first origin, though some experts suggest that it was probably crossed with the Pomeranian or Hutespitz. It is also likely that some genes of the old terrier breeds have also been mixed in its blood. However, researchers opined that there is no terrier blood in the breed. Whichever way, the Pumi evolved as an independent race right over the last three centuries.
In 1815, the breed was first referred to by its name “Pumi” being described as a type of sheepdog. However, in 1920, it was officially declared as an independent breed.
In 2016, the Pumi got its recognition from the American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service Program. Though it has been established in North America and all over Europe, its number remains small outside of Hungary.
Pumi is a highly protective breed and would be loyal and caring of anyone it considers a part of its family. They love to be surrounded by known faces and thus are wary of strangers.
Known for their barking habits, these dogs would start at the slightest provocation (especially noise), alerting its family members. This trait makes it an excellent guard and watchdog as well.
These lively and active dogs are good with children and other pets. With its herding instinct, it would naturally try to herd its ‘family.’ Some pups also enjoy digging, especially when they get the scent of rodents, while others would nip the bottom of your pants just to draw your attention.
As a highly-energetic working dog, it will require a diet that might keep up with its levels of activity. Give your Pumi 1½ to 2 dry dog food on a daily basis.