Picardy Spaniel is a powerful, muscular built dog breed characterized by an oval shaped head with a long muzzle, low hanging ears, broad chest, and curved tail. It was bred as a gun dog for hunting, pointing and retrieving. They are an ideal choice for family pets due to their kind, calm and gentle nature.
|Alternative name||Épagneul Picard|
|Coat||Dense, wavy, moderately long|
|Color||White, Brown, Grey, Chocolate|
|Life Span||10-14 years|
|Height||22 -24 Inches|
|Litter size||5- 7 puppies|
|Temperament||Clam, Intelligent, Even-tempered|
|Good with children||Yes|
|Barking||Deep and authoritative.|
|Competitive Registration Qualification/ Information||UKC ,FCI|
This breed along with the French Spaniel is believed to be the oldest Spaniel breeds. The French nobility favored these dogs for hunting because of its weather-resistant coat which was helpful for them to hunt mainly in wooded and swampy conditions. They became more popular among the masses post-French Revolution as hunting was no longer restricted to the elite class.
However, at the beginning of the 19th century, the British brought their hunting dogs that led to the change in liking towards the English breed which caused a major blow to the existence of this dog.
The Blue Picardy Spaniel created by crossing the English setter and the local Spaniel is related to this breed.
This breed is recognized by different kennel club and associations like North American Kennel Club, American Rare Breed Association, United Kennel Club, and Federation Cynologique Internationale as well as Continental Kennel Club. However, it is not recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.
In 1921, the Epagneul Picard Club was formed and was merged with the Club of Blue Picardy Spaniel on 28 July 1937. This merger advanced further on 21 May 1980 when Pont-Amudemer Club got merged with these clubs to form Club des Epagneuls Picards, Bleus de Picardie & Pont Audemer.
These gentle, intelligent dogs are extremely loyal towards their masters, also bonding well with their family members. In fact, they suit well in households where one member is always present to provide them company.
They do adjust in apartment living conditions when exercised sufficiently. Houses with backyards are ideal for them.
The Picardy Spaniel excels as a perfect playmate for kids, also getting along well with other pets or dogs of the house especially when brought up with them. However, keeping their retrieving instinct in mind, their interaction with small animals needs supervision.
Though docile in character, they have a bold disposition, not hesitating to jump in swamps or water while retrieving game. In France, they are still used for hunting pheasants and snipes in wooded area and swamps.
These dogs are simple to train due to their high intelligence level and eagerness to please their masters.
The training sessions should be mild but reliable with positive reinforcement techniques.
Leash training is required as they a tendency to chase other animals. Be firm when they try to pull the leash, refusing to budge till the dog comes back to you or divert his mind to other things with treats.
They can develop separation anxiety due to their close family bonding. Hence crate training is recommended to deal with this problem.
Try leaving the dog for short durations, subsequently extending the time slot to get him acquainted to the crate for a longer span.
They should be given a light meal of high-quality dry dog food with supplements. Overfeeding may result in obesity.