The Braques Francais (singular: ‘Braque Francais’) are medium-sized dogs that developed in France. They are found in two distinct breeds – the ‘Braque Français, type Gascogne’ and the ‘Braque Français, type Pyrenees’, with the latter being smaller and more common. These canines have a natural retrieve instinct, as well as an affinity for water. In many parts of France and US, they are still used for casual hunting.
|Braque Francais (Gascogne)||Braque Francais (Pyrenees)|
|Also known as||Braque Francais, de Grande Taille; French Pointing Dog – Gascogne Type||Braque Francais, de Petite Taille; French Pointing Dog – Pyrenean Type|
|Coat Characteristics||Thick, well-furnished dense coat that turns lighter at the head and ears||Short but fine coat evenly-spread all across the body; they are relatively more mottled brown in color|
|Coat Colors||Solid or white mixed chestnut brown; might or might not have ticking, tan markings or roaning||Solid or white mixed chestnut brown; might or might not have ticking, tan markings or roaning|
|Head||Relatively shorter head, ending in a long muzzle||Relatively broader head, ending in a long muzzle|
|Ears||Floppy; Low-hanging||Floppy; Low-hanging|
|Tail||Short and pointing downwards||Short and pointing downwards|
|Type||Gun Dog, Hunting Dog, Pointer Dog, Retriever, Bird Dog||Gun Dog, Hunting Dog, Pointer Dog, Retriever, Bird Dog|
|Group (of Breed)||Purebred||Purebred|
|Life Span/Expectancy||12-15 years||12-15 years|
|Height (Size)||Medium; Relatively larger in size
Male: 58–69 cm (23–27 in);
Female: 56–68 cm (22–27 in)
|Medium; Relatively smaller in size
Male: 47–58 cm (19–23 in);
Female: 47–56 cm (19–22 in)
|Weight||45 to 80 pounds||35 to 55 pounds|
|Personality Traits||Affectionate, docile, devoted, active, intelligent, athletic, obedient||Affectionate, docile, devoted, active, intelligent, athletic, obedient|
|Good with Children||Yes||Yes|
|Good for First-time Owners||Yes||Yes|
|Availability||Relatively uncommon||More common|
|Country of Origin||France||France|
|Competitive Registration/ Qualification Information||CKC, FCI, UKC||AKC (FSS), FCI, UKC|
This dog began as one single and distinct breed in its home country back in the 15th century, until they spread to different other nations, where it mated with other local breeds. This mating went on for quite a few centuries until, in the last half of the 19th century, the pure bloodlines of these canines were searched for, which resulted in the discovery of two different strains.
Experts, however, couldn’t come to any conclusion about their bloodlines, but instead have suggested that these two varieties might have developed from the ‘Old Spanish Pointer’ (AKA, the ‘Pachon Navarro’) and the ‘Southern Hound’, which is already extinct.
In 1850, the first club for the Braque Francais was formed, with the standards for both the breeds written in 1880. Apart from being registered by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC, or the ‘French Kennel Club’) in France, it has also got an international registration by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Presently, both the varieties have also been registered by different other kennel clubs from around the world.
These are extremely docile and even-tempered dogs that are willing to please their owners and their families. So much so that their docility might often be mistaken for laziness by those who have never witnessed them active in the fields.
Braques Francaise are sociable and would mingle equally with adults and children, as well as tolerant of strangers and other pets (including dogs and cats). They do not make good guard dogs.
High energy food like kibble is ideal for this dog. Raw food (like meat, fish, and chicken) would also be an excellent choice for its daily diet.